Approximately 20% of UK housing stock is rented.
There are 2 primary Acts of Parliament that impose a statutory duty on landlords
in relation to the protection of electrical appliances:
1. The Buyer Protection Act 1987 landlords electrical testing obligations.
2. The Safety and health at the office etc. Act 1974
The Consumer Protection Act affects all persons who let real estate investment in the course of their business because it defines them as "suppliers", i.e. they're supplying goods towards the tenant. There are a variety of bits of secondary legislation within the umbrella of your Consumer protection Act that are immediately highly relevant to the supply of electrical goods, for example:
1. The Reduced Voltage Electrical Equipment Regulations 1989
2. The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994
3. The Typical Product Safety Regulations 1994
4. The Plugs and Sockets etc. (Safety) Regulations 1994
Electrical Safety in Rental Property
Separately coming from the Landlord’s Common Law duty of care, the Landlord & Tenant Act 1985 (and a few other statutory regulations see below)makes it necessary that the electrical machines are safe at the start of each and every tenancy and managed within a safe condition through the tenancy.
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Electrical hazards are additionally covered by the Housing Safety and health Rating System under the Housing Act 2004.
In the eventuality of commercial premises and buildings in multiple occupation there exists a statutory obligation underneath the Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order 2005 for virtually every liable person (the real estate manager) to carry out annual Fire Safety Risk Assessments, that come with items like electrical safety risks.
When you let property as being a landlord you will need to guarantee that the electrical system and appliances supplied are safe - failure to conform to the Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994 as well as the The Individual Protection Act 1987 is really a criminal offence and might lead to:
A penalty of Ј5,000 per non compliant item
Several months incarceration
Possible manslaughter charges in the event of deaths
The Tenant may additionally take court action
Your home insurance may effectively be invalidated
These regulations are enforced with the Health & Safety Executive.
Fundamentally, those rules impose an obligation on landlords to make certain that all electrical equipment supplied by the landlord remains safe and secure for use via the tenant. The Consumer Protection Act offers a defence of 'due diligence', i.e. a landlord can defend a contravention in the Act if he could show that he took reasonable steps to avoid committing the offence.