The Difficulties Faced By English-Speaking Learners
Chinese language is definitely an unfamiliar territory for most whose first language use an alphabetic system including English. As an alternative to combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to make characters. The popular Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not just that, Chinese is yet another tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and whenever unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are just available when using PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The message shi for example, may have different meanings according to its tone. The 1st tone shi can mean poetry or wet or teacher. Another tone shi often means ten or time or true. Your third tone shi could mean history or even to start or cause. The 4th tone shi could mean yes or room or matter. Basically, there are lots of similar sounds with assorted meanings. In fact, a Chinese linguist within the twentieth century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem only using the sound shi.
Next, it is not necessarily always possible to guess the pronunciation of an character. The character for wood, for example, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which is composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although within this example the pronunciation cannot be related, the concept of the characters can. On the flip side, in the event the pronunciation is often related due to similar root character, the meanings will not be necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is just not pronounced much the same way as being the alphabetic sounds. You can find unfamiliar sounds such as u having an umlaut (u) that looks like a mix of I and u. Like most things unfamiliar, you can get uncertainty and fear. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the first task in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language achievement.
The Techniques Utilized To mandarin course singapore Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State University conducted a study amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Chinese language learners and uncovered interesting results that can help future learners in forming an effective study plan. Her study involves the most frequently used Chinese character learning strategies and exactly how those strategies change the learners' ability in understanding and producing the sound along with the writing in the Chinese characters.
The analysis finds that on the list of top twenty normally used strategies, eight turn out to be linked to every time a character is first exposed to learners. Examples include:
1. Repeating the type several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how a character is commonly used in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the type and stroke order.
6. Visualising the type.
7. Enjoying the explanation of the character.
8. Associating the character with previously learned character.
The following six strategies are widely-used to increase learners' knowledge of the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the type into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking inside the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if your new character has been utilized previously.
12. Determining how you can use them in conversation.
13. Using the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking just how the character might be used in sentences.